Like Tobit, Judith is a deuterocanonical book. (Note: This page was mistakenly created however it does have more information than the other one on Judith. From an article on Catholic Italian magazine "Famiglia Cristiana". He writes: “Though the actual date of the translation of Judith is unknown, there is definite evidence that the book itself was originally written in Hebrew or Aramaic before or during the Maccabean Revolt.” I recommend it to those who haven't taken the opportunity to read it, especially those in need of a great role model. The transactions herein related, most probably happened in his days, and in the reign of Manasses, after his repentance and return from captivity. An Old English poetic version is found together with Beowulf (their epics appear both in the Nowell Codex). The Hebrew versions name important figures directly such as the Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes, thus placing the events in the Hellenistic period when the Maccabees battled the Seleucid monarchs. Read in English by ancientchristian The Book of Judith is included in the Septuagint (the Greek form of the Old Testament) and has been retained in Catholic and Orthodox Christian Bibles, but was eventually excluded from the Hebrew canon and assigned by Protestants to their apocrypha. Arphaxad named the Arphaxadites, who are now called Chaldeans. The United States Episcopal Church calls for a reading of Judith 9:1, 11–14 at Mass on the Feast of St Mary Magdalen, July 22. , In 16th-century France, writers such as Guillaume Du Bartas, Gabrielle de Coignard and Anne de Marquets composed poems on Judith's triumph over Holofernes. Essentially, the Assyrians conquered the nortern kingdom of Israel, and the Babylonians conquered the southern kingdom of Judah. For Elam left behind him the Elamites, the ancestors of the Persians. What’s Really Going on in Judith 1:1. Details of vocabulary and phrasing point to a Greek text written in a language modeled on the Greek developed through translating the other books in the Septuagint. I would like to see an anointed sermon by this Spirit-filled priest on it, actually. :). 1. “But I think that it’s safe to say that no one contends that Jesus viewed the Babylonian Talmud as binding?”. From these two conquests, we get the “lost tribes of Israel,” the destruction of the First Temple, and oh yeah, the creation of the Diaspora communities which held to these texts as Sacred Scriptures. Holofernes, his Turtan (commanding general), is ordered to take revenge on those who refused to ally themselves with him. Your email address will not be published. The territory of Judean occupation includes the territory of Samaria, something which was possible in Maccabean times only after John Hyrcanus reconquered those territories. , In Renaissance literature and visual arts, all of these trends were continued, often in updated forms, and developed. Q: How can the book of Judith be true if it says in its very first verse that Nebuchadnezzar was king of the Assyrians when he was really the king of the Babylonians? After a chance meeting with artist Judith Snow, a woman with quadriplegia, Matthew believes he has “seen the light” and been transformed. Evidence for this is found in the many Hebraisms in language and ideas and from errors in tr. He is the first one who discovers Holofernes' beheading. In so many ways. That’s why Judith 15: 12-13 says that after she slay the evil general Holofernes, “All the women of Israel gathered to see her; and they blessed her andperformed a dance in her honor. False. Language used of the Ark is also used of Judith, only strengthening all the connections: 1 Samuel 4:22 / Judith 15:10, “Bring to pass, O Lord, that his *pride* may be cut off *with his own sword*. A full hour in length, it was one of the earliest feature films made in the United States. 1. Thus, the presumed Sadducee author of Judith would desire to honor the great (Pharisee) Queen who tried to keep both Sadducees and Pharisees united against the common menace. One of the oft-repeated claims against the validity of the Deuterocanonical books is that they’re historically unreliable. " Other scholars note that Judith fits within and even incorporates the genre of "salvation traditions" from the Old Testament, particularly the story of Deborah and Jael (Judges 4–5), who seduced and inebriated the Canaanite commander Sisera before hammering a tent-peg into his forehead. , A similar dynamic was created in the 16th century by the confessional strife of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation.  Though she is courted by many, Judith remains unmarried for the rest of her life. , The canonicity of Judith is rejected by Protestants, who accept as the Old Testament only those books that are found in the Jewish canon. One of the 7 books that are included in the Catholic Bible, the book of Judith is a narrative about difficult times & God's hand of providential activity. Anyways, those are some of my thoughts on the Book of Judith. LibriVox recording of The Book of Judith by King James Version (KJV). In putting her story on stage he tries to reintegrate Judith's story into Jewish history. He’s one of the sons of Noah’s son Shem, and Jewish tradition associated the various peoples of the Middle East with each of the sons and grandson of Noah. The profanation of the temple (Judith 4:3) might have been that under king Hezekiah (see 2 Chronicles, xxix, 18–19), who reigned between c. 715 and 686 BC. So what’s going on here?  The textual reliability of the Book of Judith was also taken for granted, to the extent that Biblical commentator Nachmanides (Ramban) quoted several passages from a Peshitta (Syriac version) of Judith in support of his rendering of Deuteronomy 21:14. The character of Judith is larger than life, and she has won a place in Jewish and Christian lore, art, poetry and drama. It is by way of admonition that he chastises those who are close to him.” Judith, better than virtually anyone before or since, understands that God desires to be Father, not simply Master. The Weakness of the Argument Against Judith 1:1. Chapters 1–7 describe the rise of the threat to Israel, led by the evil king Nebuchadnezzar and his sycophantic general Holofernes, and is concluded as Holofernes' worldwide campaign has converged at the mountain pass where Judith's village, Bethulia, is located. , Judith is also referred to in chapter 28 of 1 Meqabyan, a book considered canonical in the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church.. Modern scholars argue in favor of a 2nd–1st century context for the Book of Judith, understanding it as a sort of roman à clef, i.e. Most scholars agree that the original text of Judith was written in Heb. She continued to live on her husband's estate and was buried in his tomb. Gaining his trust, she is allowed access to his tent one night as he lies in a drunken stupor. , The character of Judith is larger than life, and she has won a place in Jewish and Christian lore, art, poetry and drama. The book relates that Nebuchadrezzar, king of Assyria, sent his general Holofernes on an expedition against Judith is a history, and its historical accuracy has been verified by several archeological discoveries. The famous 40-voice motet Spem in alium by English composer Thomas Tallis, is a setting of a text from the Book of Judith. Gosh, I’ve got to be more careful when posting on this site haha. The Book of Judith. In other words, this is Genesis 3:15, played out throughout all of history, and brought together in a particularly beautiful way in this Book. From a literary perspective, the book is an artistic masterpiece, constructed in two parts (1:1–7:32, 8:1–16:25), with each internally ordered by a threefold chiastic pattern. 15 For this will be a glorious monument for thy name, when he shall *fall by the hand of a woman*.”. Sure, a few people might miss it, like those people who fall for the old “How many animals did Moses take on his Ark” trick. Her gender made her a natural example of the biblical paradox of "strength in weakness"; she is thus paired with David and her beheading of Holofernes paralleled with that of Goliath – both deeds saved the Covenant People from a militarily superior enemy. INTRODUCTION.  In Jerome's Prologue to Judith he claims that the Book of Judith was "found by the Nicene Council to have been counted among the number of the Sacred Scriptures". Judith, the heroine of the book. If you watch closely, you’ll see the actions of various real-life Jewish women drawn together in what seemingly is a Grand Narrative about the way that faithful Jewish women have overcome massive obstacles in a corrupt man’s world. The Book of Common Prayer, 1979, Holy Days, pg. , A. Ashur lived at the city Nineve; and named his subjects Assyrians, who became the most fortunate nation, beyond others. ** I don’t want to get too off topic by delving into Revelation, given the length and complexity of this post already. All of this and more is spelled out by Scott Hahn in The Lamb’s Supper: The Mass as Heaven on Earth. , The identity of Nebuchadnezzar was unknown to the Church Fathers, but some of them attempted an improbable identification with Artaxerxes III Ochus (425–338 BC), not on the basis of the character of the two rulers, but due to the presence of a "Holofernes" and a "Bagoas" in Ochus' army. “Open, open the gate [the womb—Ezek 44:2]! And the fact that very few people are knowledgeable enough about Judaism to point out that the Talmud wasn’t written until 500 AD doesn’t help matters. 13 Let him be caught in the net of his own eyes in my regard, and do thou strike him by the graces of the words of my lips. To which the writer of Judith would say, “Obviously.” I mean, it’s one thing for a modern Protestant to think that an ordinary reader doesn’t remember if Nebuchadnezzar was king of the Assyrians or the Babylonians, but do they honestly think that a pre-Christian diaspora Jewish audience wouldn’t catch that mistake… immediately?  Jerome, when he produced his Latin translation, counted it among the apocrypha, (although he changed his mind and later quoted it as scripture, and said he merely expressed the views of the Jews), as did Athanasius, Cyril of Jerusalem and Epiphanius of Salamis.. Here’s the one I’ve heard most often. But I think that it’s safe to say that no one contends that Jesus viewed the Babylonian Talmud as binding? The story of Judith has been a favourite of latter-day playwrights; it was brought alive in 1892 by Abraham Goldfaden, who worked in Eastern Europe. is an imaginative, highly fictionalized, romance that entertains as it edifies. III. II. Young Sandra's physical appearance confounds predispositions of what constitutes race in the South African apartheid government. "Judith" redirects here. General Historicity of the Deuterocanon. THE BOOK OF JUDITH INTRODUCTION. Actually some Judaizers now (Hebrew Roots, Messianic Jew movements) are arguing exactly that. At that time Arphaxad ruled over the Medes in Ecbatana” (Judith 1:1). Origen, on the other hand, claims that the Jews did not use Judith and it was not even found in their Apoc. I. Do these “skeptics” really think it’s plausible that neither the author, nor the scribes, nor the audience knew even the basics of their own history? He is the first one to recognize Holofernes' head brought by Judith in the city, and also the first one to praise God. Jewish history was like Moses and George Washington rolled into one, the source of their national, ethnic, and religious identity. 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